El Nino Advisory Continue, IOD Seems Past Its Peak | Skymet Weather Services

El Niño conditions continue in the Pacific and are expected to sustain into early next year.

Sea surface temperatures remain above average in the Nino 3.4 region supporting an ongoing El Niño.

However, the Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) episode appears to have passed its peak negative phase.

IOD refers to the difference in sea surface temperatures between western and eastern parts of the Indian Ocean.

A negative IOD usually reinforces El Niño impacts on Indian monsoon rains.

Below normal monsoon rainfall is still expected for some parts of India due to lingering El Niño effects.

Forecast models show El Niño gradually weakening into the early months of 2023.

Weather pattern changes associated with El Niño and IOD will need close monitoring over the coming seasons.

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